TE AWAMUTU FIRE BRIGADE
1864
Otawhao Mission Station is used as the Headquarters for the Army of General CAMERON.

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CAMP KIHIKIHI
(FROM A CORRESPONDENT )
1st March 1864
In my last hurried communication I informed you that the Maori position of Paterangi was taken possession of by a party consisting of the inlying piquet's of the 18th, 40th and 50th Regiments, under the command of Colonel WADDY, CB. of the 50th Regiment, but I omitted to mention that another party of the 70th Regiment, from the new redoubt at Waiari, entered the Maori works simultaneously with that party. The troops entered cautiously, it being doubtful whether the enemy had really abandoned a position on which they had expended so much time and labour, or practising "a ruse de guerre" (a battle trick - Subritzky), to allure the pakeha into a snare.  Some delay occurred in entering, as it was necessary to break down a part of the palisading around the works, to enable the party to enter the outer ditch and line of rifle pits Your readers may form some idea of the risk attending the storming of these works, and the comparatively useless sacrifice of the lives of numbers of our gallant soldiers, which would ensure from such a course, by calculating the number of minutes during winch a storming party would be helplessly exposed to a murderous, withering fire, while engaged in pulling down this palisading from the defenders, who would be able to fight in comparative safety under cover of their rifle pits and breastworks.

But I find I have digressed from my narrative, and am forgetting Colonel WADDY and his party, who fortunately entered the earthworks without molestation, although this was not accomplished without some difficulty, as the men had to creep through low, narrow, zigzag communications, only large enough to admit one man at a time; and one unfortunate wight very nearly succeeded in breaking his neck by tumbling headlong into an old rua.

On the following morning, the 23rd, a strong party, composed of parts of the 18th, 11th,50th, 70th, and Naval Brigade, with a field piece, Forest Rangers, Defence Corps, and Mounted Artillery, under the General, proceeded on a reconnoitring expedition to the village of Kihikihi, situated about four miles from Awamutu. A few natives were seen, who seemed to prefer a respectable distance.  After a short delay, during which many vociferous squeals testified to the havoc among the
"poakas (Maori owned pigs - Subritzky)," the troops returned to Awamutu. In the evening I attended Divine Service in the church, which is a very commodious building, very much superior to anything one would expect to see in a place so far removed from Auckland, and in the very heart of Maoridom.  After passing through the country from Queen's Redoubt to Te Rore the travellers will be somewhat surprised at finding such a place as Awamutu in the heart of what may be termed "the desert," for such it is when compared with what it will be when its riches shall have been developed by European skill and industry. The principal buildings in Awamutu are the church, a large dwelling house, school house, printing office, blacksmith's shop, and a number of dwellings which belonged to the tradesmen and laborers who were formerly employed on the Mission Station. How different the present aspect of this place from that which it wore in its palmy days, when the thunders of the Pihoihoi (pipit bird), resounded through the land, proclaiming its denunciations of the King movement, and scattering to the four winds of heaven, the arguments of that ingenious delusion — the Hokioi (an extinct nocturnal bird, however a reference to the Kuingitanga Maori newspaper He Hokioi e Rere Atu Na - Subritzky).

The missionaries, printers, magistrates, clerks, tradesmen, labourers, have vanished, and a " new class of Evangelists" have taken their place. The sights that now meet one's view are the rush of mounted men, the glitter of arms, the long lines of armed men, the activity and bustle of a camp, and the sounds that fall on one's ears— the clash of arms, the tramp of men, and the hoarse word of command. Yonder clerical gentleman with the demure, rueful countenance, and who is dressed — habited in a rusty suit of black — with the flax strings in his rusty blucher boots, sighs heavily as the Forest Rangers pass him on their return from a bush scouring expedition. His features wear a severe, reproving expression when he observes the loads of pigs and other edibles which they carry, but the sight seems to overcome him, for he walks slowly and sorrowfully away, muttering incoherently about "robbers and "the poor Maoris." Perhaps his thoughts are wandering to the good old days of missionary.

On the 27th, the following force proceeded, under command of the General, to the village Kihikihi — 40th and 80th Regiments, Captain Von TEMPSKY's Forest Rangers, and part of the Defence Corps and Mounted Artillery, and after a short stay the General and staff returned to Awamutu, leaving the 40th, 70th, and Forest Rangers to occupy the village. A redoubt is in course of erection on a slight elevation at the northern end of the village. The cultivations here are very extensive, stretching as far as the eye can reach, they consist principally of India corn, kumeras, and potatoes, but seem to have been managed in a rude, make-shift manner, not at all like the trim and carefully managed farms one sees in the settled districts. The pigs must have had unlimited licence to roam at will among the cultivations.

A flagstaff stands near a large whare, which, I am informed, belonged to Rewi Maniapoto. I say belonged to Rewi MANIAPOTO because I feel some misgivings as to whether I should be justified in using the present tense, but, at all events, the aforesaid dusky chieftain would have some difficulty and be exposed to a little risk in endeavouring to convince the present possessors of his ricketty residence of his right to repossess himself of it.

On the 29th (yesterday) a party, composed of all the officers and men off duty of the 40th and 70th Regiments, with part of the Mounted Artillery and Defence Corps, proceeded to a village about three miles from Kihikihi. A few shots were fired by some Maori scouts, but no opposition was offered to the advance of the troops. Some of the whares were fired, whether intentionally or otherwise I do not know, but the General was very indignant at this want of prudence and discretion; and the reason of his being so must be obvious to anyone. Two or three Maoris might do an incalculable amount of mischief, in the same way to our out-settlements. After a short stay in the village, the troops returned to Kihikihi; the General, with the Defence Corps, returning to Awamutu. A few natives, evidently scouts, are constantly watching our movements, but I think the main body have retreated to Mangatautari, where they will probably again construct another position, which they will again evacuate when they find that they are not attacked exactly in the manner and place they fondly imagined.
[Daily Southern Cross, 5 March 1864]

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MARCH TO REWI'S VILLAGE.
THE REBELS SEND A FLAG OF TRUCE
If appears to be the determination of the General to follow up the successes gained over the rebels during the last two days by harassing them wherever and whenever a small body may be seen congregating together, thus rendering it unsafe for them to reside within a radius of several miles from head-quarters. This morning, at ten o'clock, a large expedition started from this place for the purpose of visiting Kihikihi, the village residence of the chief Rewi, and several of his sturdy followers, where a flagstaff was erected, and the King flag was flying over his Majesty's devoted subjects. The force accompanying the General was composed of detachments of the 18th, 4th. 65th, and 70th Regiments, Cavalry, Forest Rangers, the Naval Brigade, and 6-pounder gun.
Kihikihi is about four miles distant from Te Awamutu, and native cultivations extend along the whole line of route, and far up the country beyond. Hundreds of acres are laid down in wheat, maize, potatoes, kumeras, peach and apple groves, &c , the land being of the richest quality, as testified by the surprisingly healthy and full crops found growing. This place (Kihikihi), taken in conjunction with Rangiawahia, and neighbouring districts, may truly be called " the garden of New Zealand," from its highly productive character of ground. When the immense tract of country devoted to the growth of wheat, potatoes, and maize is taken into consideration, no wonder can be felt that the rebels have succeeded in keeping up a good commissariat supply with abundance, so far, to spare. In many places along the line of road traversed, the potato plots appeared to have yet remained, untouched, while in most of the potato holes great quantities of the indispensable tuber were found ready for placing in kits for transport to other quarters, where the rebel forces might be fighting for a local habitation, and a name to be handed down to posterity. Independently of. the large stores left behind, the Maoris must have carried away a great quantity before retiring, on the approach of the General, who arrived at the settlement without having seen a single rebel. The flagstaff having been set fire to, a large whare opposite, which might be conceived to have been the assembly room of the Maori chieftains when discussing the auspicious prospects of the rebel side of the question regarding supremacy in this island, was also ignited. The flagstaff was burned through at the base, and fell with a loud crash to the ground. The soldiers were then ordered to break off for a short time — a very welcome intimation, and which was speedily availed of to gather apples, peaches, and other fruit, and to secure a few souvenirs of the visit to the renowned Rewi's country abode. Before the bugle, sounded for the men to fall in for the homeward march, few were seen who had not made good use of their opportunity, and possessed themselves of pigs or poultry, various useful household articles, clothing, paddles, &c. The troops marched "at ease" homewards, and from the strange diversity of articles carried, presented a ludicrous appearance on arrival in camp.

While the General had been absent with the expedition, a Maori chief named Toitoi (who, it may be remembered by some of the readers, of the Daily Southern Cross, visited England on the occasion of the return of the Novara frigate) arrived in camp, bearing a flag of truce. He was said to be an embassy from the rebels, who were anxiously desirous of making peace. They had profited by the lesson afforded on Sunday and Monday, and did not feel solicitous again to meet the soldiers on a field of battle. The General has sent a letter in reply to the ambassadors application, but, of course its purport has not been made public.
The two soldiers killed in the action yesterday afternoon at Rangiawahia, Private TUCK, driver, R.A. (Royal Artillery)., and Sergeant HAWKINS, were buried today in the Churchyard; the funeral service being conducted by the Right Rev. Bishop of New Zealand.
[Wellington Independent, Volume XVIII, Issue 2033, 10 March 1864]

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MARCH ON RANGIAWAHIA BY THE GENERAL.
SKIRMISH WITH THE NATIVES.   THIRTEEN NATIVES KILLED AND WOUNDED; THIRTY-THREE TAKEN PRISONERS.
TWO SOLDIERS KILLED; COLONEL NIXON AND FIVE PRIVATES WOUNDED.
(From the Southern Cross's own correspondent)
Camp Te Awamutu, Sunday, 21 February 1864.
The programme laid down some weeks ago for a decisive movement in rear of the enemy with the view of cutting off his supplies, has at length been successfully accomplished; not however, without entailing loss on our side, in having two soldiers killed and five others move or less seriously wounded, exclusive of the sad calamity to Colonel Nixon, whose injuries are unfortunately of such a serious nature that his life is despaired of. The enemy's loss is given above. In conformity with the plan determined upon, the General started from Te Rore on Saturday night, punctually at eleven o'clock, being accompanied by about 800 troops, composed of detachments from the following: — 65th and 70th Regiments., Forest Rangers, Mounted, Artillery, and Defence Corps.  Te Awamutu was reached about seven o'clock, and at once pushed on to Rangiawahia, about three miles distant. Neither church nor settlers' houses had been injured. On arrival at the gully, at the foot of the hill on which the settlement stands, about twenty rebels opened fire from a piece of bush, but were gradually driven back by the skirmishers of the 65th, and Forest Rangers. After about five Maori had been wounded the rebels made a rush for the whares, and seven were seen to enter into a large structure of this nature. It was at once surrounded, and several of the Defence Corps made a rush at the door, when they received a heavy volley, and four fell back dead or wounded. Colonel NIXON was also shot through the chest by the same rebels. The whare became ignited, either accidentally or intentionally, but before the rebels could be expelled, three other soldiers had been shot. As the smoke and flames forced the rebels from their retreat, they were at once shot down, and fell amidst the flames, suffering a most horrid death. When the fire had burnt itself out, the scorched remains of seven bodies were discovered amongst the embers. A great number of Maoris were afterwards taken prisoners. The following is the list of our casualties, so far as at present obtainable :-— Colonel NIXON, shot through the chest, dangerous; also of the Defence Force Corporal Horatio ALEXANDER, killed; Corporal DUNN wounded in the thigh; private McHALE, killed; James BRADY, severe wound in the hand.  65th Regiment, Charles ASKEW, shot through the head brain protruding, mortally wounded; William SMITH, slight wound in the face. Forest Ranges, John BATTENDEN, shot through the hip - ball lodging in the abdomen. The dead and wounded were brought to Awamutu which has been fixed as head-quarters for the present. An outlying picquet station now commands the Paterangi road, and is to-day occupied by 200 men of the 70th Regiment. The prisoners are also at this camp. They consist of 12 males, 17 females. 4 children.
[New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 12 March 1864]

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PUKERIMU.
(from our own correspondent.)
31 March 1864.
The native mailman, Haurangi, of W. NAYLOR's (Ngatimahunga) tribe arrived in camp this evening shortly after four o'clock, with the mail from Te Awamutu, and reports that a very severe fight was taking place between the forces under Brigadier-General CAREY, and the rebels in their fortified position at Orakau. As mentioned in my letter, despatched this morning, Brigadier-General CAREY started from Te Awamutu at one o'clock, and passing Kihikihi, marched on to Orakau. The fight commenced at daylight, and was going on at nine o'clock, when the native left with the mail Captain RING, of the 18th, was reported to have been shot through the temple, and 20 soldiers killed and wounded. One pa was said to be surrounded, and a brisk fire with small arms was going, on.

A l2 or 6 pounder was being got in position. The natives' version receives slight confirmation from the fact of the postmaster here having received a communication from the Awamutu postmaster, couched in the following words : — "Great work going on today near Kihikiki with the natives. They have built up a pa at the other side of the creek. There appears great reason to fear that the surmise concerning the native mailman leaving this place on Wednesday having fallen into an ambush is too true. His name was Hakaraia, and he belonged to the Ngatitamaingu tribe (W. BARTON's). He left his place on the morning of the 30th, about eleven o'clock, and has not since been beard of. It is usual for the mailmen to pass each other about half way between Awamutu and this place, but yesterday F Jakarnia did not make his appearance about the customary spot, and the circumstance was duly reported in camp. It was then imagined he must have deviated from the main track and proceeded on the route leading to Whatawhata, in order to avoid falling in with the rebels who had shot at and pursued Major McNEIL and orderlies the same morning. He had not arrived at Awamutu when Haurangi left this morning, and few entertain a doubt that be has fallen into the hands of the rebels. What may become of the man of course cannot yet be stated, until it ekes out, that a great runanga has been held and his fate pronounced whatever that may be. There is little doubt, however, that the mail will never turn up again, and many aye already lamenting their hard ate in having trusted to the vagaries of such art uncertain postal service for the. transmission of money, stamps, with and other valuables. The amount of the loss will never be made known ; and what makes it more aggravating is the fact that many English letters were sent by the mail.
[Wellington Independent, 12 April 1864]

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FATAL OCCURRENCE AT CAMP TE AWAMUTU.
FOUR MEN SHOT,
[From the Second Edition Daily Southern Cross, 17th September 1864.]
GREAT EXCITEMENT IN CAMP.
We have received the following telegram from our own correspondent at half-past five o'clock this morning : —
On the return of the convoy from To Rori one of the escort discharged his rifle amongst a number of his comrades, wounding three, One of them (a man of the 65th Regiment) is not expected to live. When in the act of reloading to fire again, one of the escort fired at the homicide, killing him on the spot. " Full particulars in my next."
[Wellington Independent, 24 September 1864]

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1865
DESTRUCTION OF THE ROMAN
CATHOLIC PRESBYTERY at KAWHIA.
The New Zealander, of March 23, 1865 has the following:— By a telegram which reached town this evening we have been informed that the Roman Catholic Presbytery at Kawhia has been entirely destroyed. The telegram does not state how this calamity has occurred, but we suppose it must have been occasioned by an accidental fire. This station, it may be remembered, was abandoned in the early part of the war, but during the last few months had been reoccupied by a Roman Catholic clergyman, having under his charge twentyfour halfcaste children. The building was a very handsome one, and its loss as a means of education to the district generally will be very considerable.
[Evening Post, 28 March 1865]

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TE AWAMUTU.
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
7 March 1865.
On last Sunday, Alexander CRAWFORD, a militiaman, committed suicide by drowning himself in the river Waipa. He was a peison of weak intellect.   I am informed by an eye-witness that on the 5th instant, about noon, during the passage of the "White Slave" from Newcastle, Private GILLON, No. 7 company, 2nd Waikato Regiment, jumped into the river about a mile below Ngahinapouri, intending to swim, out of bravado, to a certain point and reach it before the steamer; when within two or three strokes of the shore an undercurrent carried him down, and he was never seen after. The captain used every possible means to rescue the unfortunate man, but without success. A sergeant of his company told me that he was a very intelligent young man, and much respected by his comrades; he was about twenty-two years of age and was slightly under the influence of liquor when he foolishly ventured the silly trick.
[Daily Southern Cross, 12 April 1865]

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1866
KIHIKIHI.
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
13 September 1866.
A FIRE of a serious nature broke out here on Tuesday morning last, by which the Commissariat store, a house belonging to Sergeant HEYWOOD, and an adjoining whare, were completely destroyed; and, from the fact of the whole being composed of teatree, nothing could be done to save their complete destruction. The men of the Ist W.M. (1st Waikato Militia) made every effort to bring the flames under, but every exertion on. their part, aided by the settlers, was of no avail, and they had to stand by, passive observers. The store belonging to Mr. COOK, being in close proximity to the fire, very narrowly escaped, but, being composed of wood, although the flames, in a manner speaking, beat in upon it, no injury was done. It is stated that the fire originated in the Commissariat store, but from what cause no one apparently seems to know. The amount of damage done to goods is, however, inconsiderable, as the store contained very few articles of value, whilst the loss of a few hundredweight of seed potatoes belonging to one of the occupants of an adjoining whare, seems to be the heaviest loss sustained, Sergeant HEYWOOD appears to be the heaviest loser by the occurrence.

Kihikihi still continues to have a very dull appearance, and few of the settlers seem to be cropping their acres to any great extent compared to that of last year.
[Daily Southern Cross, 20 September 1866]

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1869
TE KOOTI AT TOKANGAMUTU FLIGHT SENSATION IN THE WAIKATO
The Daily Southern Cross of the 15th inst. says that the presence of Te KOOTI at Tokangamutu seems to have caused a flight sensation in the Waikato, and precautionary measures are being taken by the officer commanding the district. The Armed Constabulary are being massed on the frontier, and are now stationed at Kihi Kihi and Te Awamutu, whilst sufficient men of the first-class militia are being called out to man the different redoubts. Jehu's prototype has sent one Awaru MATITO with an invitation to Titokowaru requesting him to come up and confer with him. The King party generally receive Te KOOTI's overtures but coldly, although it is possible that he may obtain reinforcements from some of the most disaffected of them to strengthen his band for further aggression. Waikato settlers now in town do not profess half the uneasiness felt in Auckland on the subject, but the authorities are evincing wisdom in the measures they are taking to repel any attack that might be made on the district.
[Grey River Argus, 27 July 1869]

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1871
AUCKLAND, January 24th. via TAURANGA, January 26th.
February Ist:- Yesterday two Waikato settlers, while pigeon shooting, were fired upon near the Pirongia Ranges by the Maoris, three of whom followed them for a couple of hundred yards outside the bush. Twelve shots in all were fired, but no one was hurt. Warning has been again received that Tapihana is bent on mischief on his own account, as Whitiora has declined to join him, the King having refused his sanction to his doing so.
[Otago Witness , Issue 1001, 4 February 1871]

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1874
FIRES AT TE AWAMUTU.
February 1874
Our correspondent writes : — "
Last week two very destructive fires occurred in this neighbourhood causing considerable damage, and loss of property. The dwelling-house of Mr. RUTHERFORD, a newly erected building, was burnt to the ground whilst that gentleman was absent on business in Auckland The fire was occasioned by a sudden gust of wind sweeping through an open window in the kitchen, igniting and scattering about some embers in the fireplace, which quickly caught the woodwork. The lad who was residing in the home, and looking after the place was at Te Awamutu during the occurrence. The poor fellow was inconsolable when he was informed of the destruction of the house and property in his charge.— The other fire was the burning of three stacks of wheat, the property of the Messrs. BRUCE, which was occasioned by the carelessness of a native who set fire to some fern in a field near by, and which rapidly spread to and consumed the stacks. — Great preparations are being made here for the Agricultural Show to be held on the 5th of March. A ploughing match is spoken of in connection with the Show."
[Daily Southern Cross, 26 February 1874]

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FIRE AT TE AWAMUTU.
On Friday night, between six and seven o'clock, a fire occurred in the building at the rear of the Criterion Hotel, Te Awamutu. The hotel has lately been sold by Mr. CANNY to Mr. COSTELLO, and was at the time of the fire occupied by the former person. It was with difficulty that the flames were confined to the building consumed, in consequence of the great scarcity of water; indeed, had it not been for the ample and energetic assistance of the settlers, nothing could have saved it.  We regret to hear that Mr. CANNY is a considerable loser by the occurrence, the whole of his clothing, furniture, and £200 in notes, having been burnt. — Waikato Times.
[Daily Southern Cross, 10 June 1874]

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WAIKATO WAR GRAVES TE AWAMUTU
June 1874
The graveyard attached to the church at Te Awamutu is in a most disgraceful state (says the Waikato Times) The ground is full of the graves of those who were killed or died from disease during the war. The fence is down; the cattle have free ingress and egress, an opportunity that is availed of by the pigs which root up the graves. It is now more than a month since money was obtained to repair the fence, but as yet nothing has been done It is a great pity that those whose business it is to see to this matter should be so dilatory.  The present state of the burial ground is a disgrace to the population.
[Daily Southern Cross, 12 June 1874]

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AUCKLAND.
15 December 1885.
The Auckland Fire Underwriters' Association entertained the Auckland and Parnell Fire Brigade and Salvage Corps at a banquet.  Te Kooti visited Kihikihi yesterday with a large cavalcade. He purchased large supplies, and started with his followers for Poverty Bay, notwithstanding the warning given him.
[North Otago Times, 16 December 1885]

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1875
ALEXANDRA.
25th March 1875.
Sub-Inspector NORTHCROFT, A.C., (Armed Constabulary) Kihikihi, who started overland for Taranaki, reached Kuiti after some trouble, and was allowed to pass on.  A fire there a few days since destroyed a considerable quantity of wheat.
[Evening Post, 25 March 1875]

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NOTICE
A Public Meeting will be held in the BlockHouse, Harapipi, on Saturday, 2nd October, at 2 p.m., to consider the action of the Native Minister in purchasing the lands of Messrs. AITKENken and others in Pirongia, for the purpose of giving them to King Maoris. All persons interested in Pirongia are invited to attend.
Edward J. McMINN,
Chairman Pirongia District Board.
Haripipi, 28th September, 1875.
[Waikato Times, 30 September 1875]

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FIRE. — A fire broke out yesterday morning, at about half-past eleven o'clock, in the scotching room of Mr C BELL's Faxmill, Churchill. Fortunately the alarm was given before the flames had made much headway, and water being readily to hand, the fire was extinguished before damage was done. The vessel Waikato was passing at the time, and the captain immediately Landed his men, who rendered prompt assistance in putting out the flames.   The cause of the fire is unknown.

DISPOSITION OF THE ARMED CONSTABULARY.
— Colonel Lvon arrived on Thursday from Auckland. The " Cross "of that day says :— Within the last few days the arrangements for the employment of 300 of the Armed Constabulary on public works in the out-districts have been so far matured that Colonel Lyon proceeds to Waikato to-day for the purpose of carrying them into practical effect. In the first instance he will inspect the posts at Hamilton, Cambridge, Te Awamutu, Alexandra, and Kihikihi, proceeding to Auckland and the East Coast, and thence to Wellington to report to the chief of his department. We understand that no time will be lost in detaching working parties of the Constabulary to the points where improvements and repairs are most required. The change will doubtless be welcomed by the men themselves, and will be a great boon to industrious settlers who have so long struggled under all the adverse circumstances of impassable roads and insufficient communications. One of the works upon which a portion of the Force may be employed with great advantage to the Colony, is the construction of a main line of road from Cambridge to Taupo, opening up through communication from Auckland to Napier and Wellington. A direct line between Ngaruawahia and Alexandra is much needed.

It would save the long detour via Hamilton, and open up an easy line of communication from the thriving frontier settlements with the railway at Ngaruawahia, pending the completion of the line to Ohaupo. Between Hamilton and Paterangi a roadway has already been surveyed through Mr COX's property — the land for which he has wisely given without charge — and the formation of this line would open a large area of fine land for settlement. The fact that the military arrangements in the Waikato are now so far capable of modification that a large portion of the Armed Constabulary can be released from military duty for necessary public works, is a fact which speaks volumes for the success of that policy to which we have alluded. It is a complete and unanswerable argument against croakers and political theorists. It will show the natives and the Europeans alike that a prudent and cautious a administrator like Sir Donald McLEAN sees the beginning of the end of his own policy, and the time when he will be able to reap its fruits.
[Waikato Times, 27 November 1875]

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1876
ALEXANDRA.
lst February.
The murderer Winiata is reported to have arrived at Wharepapa, King country.
Sibley's residence, near Te Awamutu, was destroyed by fire last night; it was uninsured.
[Evening Post, 8 February 1876]

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1877
THE Grey River Argus.
PUBLISHED DAILY.
MONDAY, JUNE 18, 1877.
Mr MOUNSEY, a settler at Te Awamutu, Waikato. fell from a dray. The wheel passed over him and he was killed.
[Grey River Argus, 18 June 1877]

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1878
TELEGRAMS.
Alexandra., February 4th.
Sir George GREY and his party have just left here. A large number of King Natives came down to see him off, also Europeans, who cheered him as he departed. The Premier and Native Minister and party on arrival at Te Awamutu, were received with cheers, and a large number of settlers presented an address congratulating Sir George GREY, who replied.

A deputation consisting of the Chairman of the Road Beard, Mr CLOANE, and othei-3, interviewed the Premier, enquiring if it was true that the railway was to be leased to private parties. If so, the deputation were of opinion that it would not be advantageous to the district. The Premier replied that he was not aware of any such arrangement being contemplated. They might depend that anything of the kind would be done by private tender. Sir George GREY and party having visited the mission-house and church, proceeded to Cambridge.
[Otago Daily Times, 5 February 1878, Page 2]

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1879
NOTICE.
A PUBLIC MEETING.
will be held in the Public Hall, Cambridge, on Monday, the 27th of January, 1879, at 7.30 p m., for the Forming of a Fire Brigade and Salvage Corps, or any other business that may be brought forward in connection with the above.
By order of the Committee, James CAMP,
Secretary pro tern.
Cambridge, January 18, 1879.
[Waikato Times, 21 January 1879]

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LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS.
The Waikato Railway.
February 1879.
The Auckland Herald says: —
Mr FALLON, the contractor for the extension of the Waikato railway line from Ohaupo to Te Awamutu, has already made such satisfactory progress with his contract that the work of plate-laying has been commenced, and he will soon be able to run his ballast engine over a considerable portion of the line. The fine weather which has prevailed so long has been taken the greatest possible advantage of in this instance, and the result is the satisfactory progress which we have just noticed. The settlers in the neighbourhood of Te Awamutu are looking forward with great interest to the opening of this line, which will bring them into direct communication with Auckland, and enable them to transport their stock and produce to market "with greater expedition, and at less cost than can be done at present."
Te Awamutu is distant some ten or twelve miles from Cambridge, the present terminus of the Waikato line.
[Star, Issue 3396, 27 February 1879]

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ALEXANDRA. 10th February.
The murderer Winiata is reported to have arrived at Wharepapa, King country.  SIBLEY's residence, near Te Awamutu, was destroyed by fire last night it was uninsured.
[Evening Post, 8 February 1876, Page 2]

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NEW ZEALAND TELEGRAMS.
SUICIDE OF CRIMEAN OFFICER.
Sergeant Major William FRASER, the Cavalry Drill Instructor to the Armed Constabulary, shot himself dead with a revolver at Te Awamutu. He was a General in the Crimea, and at Balaklava, and was formerly a Good Templar, but latterly had seceded. He attempted his wife's life; she escaped, but his daughter witnessed his committal of suicide.

THE INQUEST. Auckland, March 21. At the inquest on Sergeant Major FRASER the jury were unanimuosly agreed that the deceased killed himself while in a fit of temporary insanity, caused by continuous and excessive drinking.
[Taranaki Herald, Volume XXVII, Issue 3071, 21 March 1879, Page 2]

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WAIKATO TIMES
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
(Our correspondence columns are impartially open to all but we do not in any way identify ourselves with opinions expressed therein.)
Sir, "Will you kindly allow me, through the columns of your paper, to convey my sincerest thanks to the many kind friends and neighbours resident in and near our township, for the invaluable assistance rendered to me and my family, on the occasion of the late fire. Where all worked so well and strenuously, it would be invidious to mention, names, though I should like much to do so, in one or two instances, as I believe they even placed themselves in very considerable danger in their efforts to save my effects from the flames.
— I am, &c., James L. MANDENO.  Te Awamutu,
[Waikato Times, Volume XIII, Issue 1108, 31 July 1879]

--------------------
TELEGRAPHIC BREVITIES.
Auckland, July 25
MANDERS's house, at Te Awamutu, was burnt down. House and furniture insured in the New Zealand office for £500.

--------------------
NEW ZEALAND TELEGRAMS.
WRECK OF A CUTTER.
Auckland, July 25.
The steamer Glenelg, from Tauranga, reports seeing a cutter sank off Cape Colville, and saw two men on the beach, but not showing distress signals tbe steamer stood on.

--------------------
TELEGRAMS.
(Per Press Agency.)
AUCKLAND.
This day. Fire at Te Awamutu.
A six-roomed house, occupied by Mr MANDENO at Te Awamutu, was destroyed by fire last night. It originated in the kitchen after the family went to bed. The building was insured in the New Zealand Office for two hundred pounds.

--------------------
Suicide.
McSHEA, a labourer of FALLON's at Ohaupo, was found hang in his whare this morning.
[© Thames Star, 25 July 1879]

--------------------
MAN HUNG HIMSELF.
Auckland, July 26.
Mr. R. M. SHERA, railway labourer, employed on FALLON's railway contract, near Obaupo, was found hanging by a rope to tho ceiling of his whare.

--------------------
FIRE AT TE AWAMUTU.
Madeno's house has been burnt down at Te Awamutu. Insured for £150; furniture, £100 in the Now Zealand.

--------------------
REFUSING AN ORDER OF A J.P.
William Walker, of tbe National Hotel, Cambridge, was charged with refusing to close his house when ordered to do so by a Justice of the Peace, during a riot. The case was dismissed, as it was not shewn that any reason had been assigned for the order.
[Taranaki Herald, 26 July 1879, Page 2]

--------------------
WAIKATO TIMES
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
(Our correspondence columns are impartially open to all but we do not in any way identify ourselves with opinions expressed therein.)
Sir, — "Will you kindly allow me, through the columns of your paper, to convey my sincerest thanks to the many kind friends and neighbours resident in and near our township, for the invaluable assistance rendered to me and my family, on the occasion of the late fire. Where all worked so well and strenuously, it would be invidious to mention, names, though I should like much to do so, in one or two instances, as I believe they even placed themselves in very considerable danger in their efforts to save my effects from the flames.
— I am, &c., James L. MANDENO.
Te Awamutu,
[Waikato Times, Volume XIII, Issue 1108, 31 July 1879]

--------------------
Insurance Notices.
NEW ZEALAND INSURANCE COMPANY.
Capital, £1,000,000.
FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Insurance against Loss by Fire of every description of Property may be effected by this Company. FARMING STOCK. — Hay and Corn Stacks insured for three, six, or twelve months.
The following are appointed AGENTS of this Company: —
Ngaruawahia ... T. V. FITZPATRICK
Cambridge ... James HALLY
Hamilton ... Capt. BEERE
Alexandra ... John D. HILL
Te Awamutu ... James L. MANDENO

--------------------
NORTH BRITISH AND MERCANTILE INSURANCE COMPANY
LONDON AND EDINBURGH. Established 1800.
Incorporated by Royal Charter.
Subscribed Capital... £ 2,000,000
Paid-up Capital £250,000
Fire Reserve Fund, £794,577
Fire Premium Reserve £36,2671
Total Fire Reserves --- £1,097,248
Income of the Fire department,
Net Premiums and interest; £967,080
Fire Risks taken on Buildings, Property, and farm produce, &c, in Waikato district, at lowest Rates. Prompt and Liberal Settlements.
CAMPBELL BROS.,
Agents for Waikato, Piako, and Waitoa.

--------------------
SOUTH BRITISH INSURANCE COMPANY.
Prompt, Popular, Progressive.
INSURES BUILDINGS, OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, AND THEIR CONTENTS AGAINST FIRE.
Wool insured from Sheep's back or shipping port to London.
AGENTS :
Alexandra— R D L DUFFUS.
Cambridge— JOHN HOUGHTON.
Hamilton— l R VIALOU.
Te Awamutu— J R ROCHE.
From whom Rates, Proposals, and every information can be obtained.  Also from 
A BOARDMAN
Manager Auckland.
[Waikato Times, 6 November 1879]

--------------------
INTERPROVINCIAL.
[Per "Timaru Herald" Special Wire.]
Auckland, 5 Dec 1879.
A fire broke out on the premises of C.T. RICKETTS, Cabinet maker, Te Awamutu, but it was got under. An apprentice, William COWSHARD, had gone to sleep leaving his candle burning, and several bags of wool, which lay close by in the apartment, were first ignited. The lad slept on one bale of wool while it was burning, and it was with some difficulty he was rescued.
[Timaru Herald, 6 December 1879]

--------------------
AUCKLAND.
Saturday.
The down-trodden North determined to resist the Property Tax. The inhabitants of the North of Auckland, suffering under a strong sense of past neglect, have, according to the Northern Advocate, formed a league to resist the payment of (lie Property Tax, unless justice be done them in the matter of public works. At one o'clock this morning an alarm of fire was rung out by fire-bells. It turned out to be gorse burning in Freeman's Bay, no doubt having been fired by some roysterers on their road home.; The fire brigade and police were disgusted at their fruitless hunt,

Captain PAYNE's 'A' Battery of Artillery have received a challenge from 'B' Battery, Capt. MAIR, of Dunedin, to fire a carbine snatch.  A fire broke out in the furniture shop of C. T. RICKETTS, cabinet maker, Te Awamutu, but was got tinder. An apprentice, Win. CRANSHAW, had none to sleep, leafing his candle burning, and several bags of wool, which lay close by in the apartment, were the first to ignite. The lad slept on, while the wool was burning furiously, and it was with some difficulty he was rescued.

The Mayor informs the unemployed that the Newmarket railway workshops contract is to be gone on with as soon as funds are voted. The farmers and the railway contractors will absorb the floating labour in a month.
[Thames Star, 8 December 1879, Page 1]

--------------------
1880
AUCKLAND.
14th January 1880.
A fire broke out in the house of James BAKER, residing at Kihikihi, and resulted in the total destruction of everything. BAKER, an old man of 70 years of age, fell asleep with a candle burning by the side of the bed. The curtains caught fire, and the house was soon in a blaze. It was first discovered by Mr. BAKER, who after great difficulty rescued the old man from a horrible death.
The property was not insured.
[Evening Post, 15 January 1880]

--------------------
The Waikato Times.
A Fire Brigade for Hamilton.
TUESDAY, JULY 27, 1880.
It will be remembered that His Worship the Mayor took advantage of the large attendance at the meeting held on Saturday week to express sympathy with Messrs. COCHRANE and SWANN, to introduce a subject in which he has taken much interest, namely, that of a Fire Brigade for Hamilton.

The idea of organising a local corps for the extinguishment of fires does not lack favor in Hamilton; the only question, so far as we know remaining undecided, being that of the basis upon which the Brigade shall rest. The Mayor at the meeting referred to moved a resolution, which was carried, affirming the desirableness of establishing a Fire Brigade or salvage corps in conjunction with the local Volunteer Corps or otherwise.

This was done rather in deference to the feeling of the meeting than for any other reason.

The Mayor's own opinion was that the Brigade should be under the direction of the Borough Council. We are not at all sure that this would not be the best arrangement. If the Brigade is to be efficiently maintained the direction of it should be vested in some responsible body,and none other would so well answer the purpose. A Bill has been introduced into Parliament by Mr STEVENS to reorganise the whole system. The Bill entails the duty of extinguishing fires and protecting life and property upon City or Municipal Councils, and they may provide and maintain a force of firemen, or may agree with any Volunteer Fire Brigade or other people to provide the necessary labour for the extinguishing of fires, and for the payment to any such Brigade or other persons out of the general account of the Borough funds or by a rate. The Council may provide all the necessary appliances for the working of the Brigade, which appliances are to become the absolute property of such Council. Every Brigade is to be under the command of the inspector appointed under the hand of the Mayor, and in case of fire the inspector is to have the full and sole control of the operations.

He may take " the command of any Fire Brigade, fire police, salvage corps, or other persons who by previous arrangement with the Council have placed their services at the disposal of the Council or who for the time place themselves at his disposal. He may order any fireman, fire police officer, or police constable to remove any persons who, by their presence or otherwise howsoever, interfere with or impede the labors of the Fire Brigade or other persons in extinguishing the fire. He may take any measures he thinks best for the protection of life and property. He may, with any assistance he requires, break into, take possession of, or pull down, any premises for preventing the spread of fire, doing, however, as little damage as posible thereby. He may interfere with the supply of water in water- works or else where as he thinks fit, in order to get a greater supply or pressure in neighborhood of the fire, and no penalty, damage, or claim for com" pensation shall be recoverable by or against any person in consequence of any act done under the authority of this action.  Any damage done to property by any inspector under this Act shall be deemed to be done by fire within the meaning of any insurance policy. The Bill provides penalties for obstructing the Fire Brigade, and for damaging any of the Brigade's property. The Bill also provides for fire police and salvage corps, both of which, in cases of fire, shall be under the command, in common with the Fire Brigade, of the Chief Fire Inspector.
[Waikato Times, 27 July 1880]

--------------------
AUCKLAND.
9 September 1881.
At a meeting of insurance agents a list was made out of sums paid for fire losses within the provincial district of Auckland for the year, ending August 31st, 1881.  The amount was £44,800, three offices' losses not included.
Inspector THOMPSON, A.C., (Armed Constabulary), had his leg broken by the kick of a horse at Te Awamutu.
[Wanganui Chronicle, Volume XXIII, Issue 9501, 10 September 1881]

--------------------
TE AWAMUTU (OUR CORRESPONDENT).
Death by Drowning. Tuesday Afternoon.
This morning, the youngest child of Mr Charles INNES, brewer, was accidentally drowned in a tub of water. The coroner (Mr GRESHAM, solicitor), will hold an inquest to-morrow.
The Inquest. Te Awamutu, Yesterday.
The inquest was held this morning in the Public Hall, before Thomas GRESHAM, Esq., (Solicitor), District Coroner. From the evidence it appeared that the deceased, Isabella WinfredNNESs, the infant daughter of Mr Charles INNES, brewer, was playing with her sister and brother, aged respectively 3 and 4 years, when she fell into a tub of water and was drowned. The Jury returned a verdict in accordance with the evidence.
[Waikato Times, 6 May 1880, Page 2]

--------------------
1881
ANOTHER FIRE.
Auckland, March 8.
The Central Waikato Hotel, Te Awamutu, was considerably destroyed by a fire which was discovered in the bar this morning. It was subdued after great exertions.
[West Coast Times, 9 March 1881]

--------------------
Facts and Observations.
Mrs J. Devin, formerly of the Commercial Hotel, Auckland, has died at Te Awamutu, from the effects of fright from an outbreak of fire at Lewis' Hotel.
[Bay Of Plenty Times, 9 April 1881]

--------------------
THE LATE FIRE AT TE AWAMUTU.  TO THE EDITOR
Sir, —
The facetious remarks of your own correspondent are not strictly in accordance with facts in reference to the late fire, still, a certain poetical license is allowable on a subject which so evidently calls for jocularity. A certain writer tells us that Nero fiddled while Rome was burning, so that precedent was furnished to suit this occasion. To those who attended and assisted manfully to extinguish the fire, the alarms set up by the canine race aforesaid, did not prove so distracting, their efforts being solely directed to avert an impending calamity from a family and settlement: as it appears pretty sure that if the fire had once obtained the mastery of the hotel, a large portion of the township, must in all probability, have shared a like fate. I am also credibly informed that the New Zealand Insurance Co. have had a fireladder and hand engine placed with their agent in Te Awamutu at least a year which fact was made known to the proprietors of the two hotels, who being the only occupiers in the township of two-storey buildings, were most likely to require their aid.
— I am, &c,
VERITAS.
[Waikato Times, 12 March 1881]

--------------------
AUCKLAND.
29 March 1881
The Zealandia (passenger ship) takes a number of old colonists. COOKE, the agent for Cole's circus, is a passenger. He returns next season to the colony with another big thing. At the Grammar School enquiry, Mr J. C. FIRTH, Mr D. L. MURDOCH, general manager of the Bank of New Zealand, and a number of merchants, gave emphatic evidence in favour of the school and Mr MAEae.  Mrs G DEVIN died at Te Awamutu through fright at the outbreak of the fire at LEWIS's hotel.
A native, Wiremu HIRA, was drowned in the Waikato through cramp.
[North Otago Times, 30 March 1881]

--------------------
1882
FIRE AT KIHIKIHI.
The store of Mr G. MAUNDER, a building detached from his dwelling house, was burned to the ground about 2 o'clock on Saturday morning last. Mr MAUNDER was from home at the time of the accident. There was nothing saved. The building was insured in the South British for £200.
[Waikato Times, 4 April 1882]

--------------------
INTERPROVINCIAL
(per united press association.)
AUCKLAND JULY 7
It is reported from Alexandria that Captain GASCOIGNE, in charge of the Armed Constabulary there, has been warned that should the Constabulary go to Pirongia to cut firewood they will be in danger from Winiata's friends.
[Wanganui Chronicle, 8 July 1882]

--------------------
1883
NEWS AND NOTES.
Te Awamutu Cheese Factory Company
The Chairman of the Directors of the Te Awamutu Cheese Factory Company received last week a letter from the Auckland Agricultural and Mercantile Company, in reference to the first consignment of cheese from this factory to Auckland, saying that they had shown the cheese to their customers, and they bad pronounced it the best; cheese that had ever been produced in the province. Commercial travellers visiting Te Awamutu, and who have tasted it at the factory, have declared that it far excels Canterbury cheese in quality.
[Hawera & Normanby Star, 6 March 1883]

--------------------
FIRE NEAR TE AWAMUTU.
July 1883.
A fire occurred on Monday evening at half past seven, by which part of Mr HUNT's residence was completely destroyed. The house consisted of two buildings, connected by a covered way. The portion destroyed contained four rooms— kitchen, dining-room, and two others. During the afternoon the dining-room chimney caught fire, but it was quickly extinguished by Mr HUNT, who then carefully examined the chimney, but could bee no trace of fire left. He can only account for the fire by some sparks getting through a hole in the bricks by the ridges, for it was there the fire broke out. The mortar used in building the chimney was very little good, being mostly sand, with very little lime, and as it dried it crumbled away and left spaces between the bricks. Mr HUNT was absent in To Awamutu when the fire broke out, but seeing the glare he rode home at once.  Meantime the servants pulled down the covered way, and so prevented the walls of the other building catching fire, but the shingles caught alight, and in extinguishing it Mr HUNT was severely burned about the face and hands. The dairy, a few feet from the house, was also destroyed. Fortunately the wind changed just after the fire got a hold, or else the whole of the buildings would have been destroyed. Unfortunately the pump got out of order that day, or else very little damage would have been done.  It is fortunate the outbuildings — in which a great deal of valuable machinery is stored — escaped. The loss of the building is covered by insurance, but Mr HUNT lost a great deal of furniture and clothing, which was uninsured. He estimates his loss at about £60 or £70. A number of people hurried to the spot, and gave assistance in saving the furniture.
[Waikato Times, 26 July 1883]

--------------------
NEW ZEALAND TELEGRAMS.
[per press association.]
PRESBYTERIAN MANSE BURNT.
Auckland, September 24.
The Presbyterian Manse has been burnt down at Te Awamutu.  The cause of the fire is supposed to be a defective chimney.
Insurance : — £250 in South British on furniture (saved); and loss £350 on building.
[Taranaki Herald, 24 September 1883, Page 3]
[Southland Times, 24 September 1883]

--------------------
TE AWAMUTU
September 1883
Nothing has been done as yet by the Government in the matter of erecting a monument to the soldiers who fell in action in Rangiaohia and Orakau, and who were buried in the Te Awamutu churchyard. About a year ago a party of A.C. (Armed Constabulary) came here and levelled the mounds and removed the tablets which marked the last resting-place of the men who fell in action, and it was reported at the time the Government, intended erecting a monument to their memory. Surely the matter will not be allowed to drop. It would be a lasting disgrace to allow the deeds of those brave men to be effaced from our memories. A monument with the names inscribed on it would not cost very much, and would show at least that we had some sense of gratitude for the services rendered us by those brave men. — [Own Correspondent.]
[Waikato Times, 11 September 1883]

--------------------
TELEGRAPHIC.
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
A telegram to the Star states that the Kawhia harbor beacons were pulled down and broken by the chiefs Tu Te Ao and Tihirahi, of the Ngatimaniapoto tribe. The property and lives of the European  residents were threatened if they did not obey the mandate of the Han Hau chiefs and leave Kawhia within a few flays. The Maoris have given them notice to this effect. The Ngatimahutu openly declare their intention of opposing the settlement at Kawhia, the land being theirs. Ngaku, the king's adviser, is supposed to have a finger in the matter. The women and children of the tribe are being removed from the settlement on the west side of the harbor.  Tawhiao is at Tarea carefully watching the proceedings.
[Hawke's Bay Herald, 24 September 1883]

--------------------
1884
TELEGRAMS.
(PER PRESS ASSOCIATION.)
NEW PLYMOUTH, 17 January 1884, Wednesday.
Arrangements have been completed for tending out several parties to prospect thoroughly the land between Taranaki and Te Awamutu for the purpose of discovering a suitable route for the main line railway northwards. No damage was done to the breakwater by the heavy gales this morning, and the strength of the structure has been thoroughly tested.
NELSON, Wednesday.
The annual conference of delegates from the Fire Brigades forming the United Association was held here to-day :
Captain LIGHTFOOT, Nelson, president.

After discussion it was resolved to adhere to an annual instead of triennial meeting. It was stated that there were 1200 firemen in the colony. The election of officers resulted as follows :—
President, Captain AMOS, of Timaru;
vice-presidents, Captain CUMMING, Wanganui, and Captain HUGHES, Auckland. Mr ROBERTSON, Dunedin, was re-elected secretary.

It was resolved to hold the next conference in Christchurch, and to have a brigade demonstration there next year. It was also resolved to apply to the Government for assistance. The conference then closed with the usual votes of thanks.
[Southland Times, 17 January 1884, Page 2]

--------------------
THE LATE FIRE AT OHAUPO.
Constable GILLIES received information on Monday morning that a two-roomed cottage owned by Diedrich BUTELS, and which had been unoccupied for about ten days, was burned down. The constable went immediately to get all information connected with the matter, and has since been making enquiries into the origin of the fire, with the result that yesterday he arrested August Forkett and lodged him in the Te Awamutu lockup. The prisoner will be brought before a J.P. today (Friday), when it is expected the constable will ask for a remand. The police of course, will not disclose any particulars concerning the case, but from what I can learn the case is supposed to be pretty clear against the prisoner.
[Waikato Times, 22 March 1884]

--------------------
TE AWAMUTU NEWS
THE ALLEGED INCENDRARIAN.
The prisoner FORKETT, was brought before Mr RUTHERFORD, J.P. and remanded till Thursday when Mr ORTHCROFTft R.M. will hear tho case —(Own Correspondent.)
[Waikato Times, 25 March 1884]

--------------------
NORTHERN TRUNK RAILWAY.
PUBLIC WORKS MINISTER INSPECTS ROUTE.
Our Waitara Correspondent writes :—
The Hon. Mr. MITCHELSON, and Messrs. KNORPP, ROSS, ARKEEKk, Ever a Reporter of the Auckland Star, and two Natives, arrived at Waitara, on Sunday evening, at six o'clock, from Te Awamutu via Kihikihi, Waikaka, and Ohuro, meeting with some slight obstruction from the Wanganui Natives at tho latter place. The party returned to Waikaka, where they found the old whare on the saddle (containing therein stores, &c.) burnt to the ground. The party then came down the Mokau River, at the mouth of which they obtained horses, and arrived as above. Mr. MITCHELSON and party, with the exception of Messrs. KNORPP and CARKEEK, left Waitara on Monday morning for Stratford, with the intention of proceeding from there along the lino to Ohura.
[Taranaki Herald, 6 May 1884, Page 2]

--------------------
A CAUTION TO PARENTS.
A house in Te Awamutu had a very narrow escape from fire last Wednesday evening. One of the children, a boy six years of age, was sent upstairs to bed by himself; he put the candle close to the window curtains, which took fire. The flames soon spread to the ceiling, which is of calico and paper, and which of course blazed up fiercely. Fortunately the owner of the house happened to be at home at the time, and he succeeding in beating out the flames; had he been absent nothing could have saved the house, as the shingles were very dry owing to the long continuance of dry weather. This should be a warning to parents not to trust young children with a light. This is the second accident of the kind that I have seen in Te Awamutu from precisely the same cause. The danger does not end here, for the fire may spread to other buildings. — (Own Correspondent.)
[Waikato Times, 17 May 1884]

--------------------
FIRE AT TE AWAMUTU.
June 1884
A fire occurred here at 1.30 a.m. on Tuesday morning, by which a bakehouse owned by Mr DUFFUS, and occupied by Mr GLASS, was completely destroyed. The fire was first seen by a lady stopping at Mr LEWIS' hotel. She woke during the night and saw the glare of the file through her bedroom window. She immediately called Mr LEWIS, who gave the alarm, but it was too late to save anything, as the whole building was in flames. Mr GLASS had not been in the bake house since 3 p.m. on Monday, but his man raked the ashes out of the furnace at 3 p.m, and it is supposed some of the embers fell on the floor and smouldered till midnight, when the flames broke out. Nothing was saved. Two tons of flour, half a ton of salt, a quantity of oats, wheat, a lot of sacks, together with all the tins and everything used in the business were lost. The fire began about 1 or half past, and burned steadily as long as there was any of the flour left; it was 6 o'clock before the flames died out. The loss is very heavy as Mr GLASS had nothing insured. The oven is quite uninjured.

It is fortunate there was no wind at the time or the consequences might have been serious, as there are several buildings in the immediate vicinity. — (Own Correspondent).
[Waikato Times, 26 June 1884]

--------------------
CURIOUS TE AWAMUTU ACCIDENT
BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH - COPYRIGHT
An accident, occasioned in a very curious manner and involving very serious results, occurred in Te Awamutu a few days ago. Mr. Thomas Faucett was resting on his gun, when his dog jumped up, and, by touching the trigger, discharged the weapon. The charge passed right through Faucett's hand, which, in consequence, has had to be amputated.
[Evening Post, 24 July 1884]

--------------------
TELEGRAMS.
Te Awamutu, this day.—
On the 3rd inst Te Awamutu ceased to be a: village, and is now created a town district. The yoke of the Waipa County Council is thus thrown off ~.
[Auckland Star, Volume XXVI, Issue 4480, 7 October 1884, Page 3]

--------------------
NEWS FLASHES
New Zealand gold production to the present time amounts in value to £40,000,000.   The Te Awamutu Dairy Company pay 3 1/2d for l0lbs of milk.
[Wanganui Herald, 7 October 1884]

--------------------
1885
MORE FIRES
Auckland, March 18.
A fire at Te Awamutu, at 1.30 this morning, destroyed LEWIS's hotel, and eight other buildings. The total insurance is £3275, divided as follows. — New Zealand, £2050; Colonial, £425; South British, £800. The fire broke out in the shop of a tailor, named Ford. The cause is unknown. FORD's stock is uninsured,.
[West Coast Times, 19 March 1885, Page 2]

--------------------
NEW ZEALAND TELEGRAMS.
[per press association.]
LARGE FIRE.
Auckland, March 18.
A fire at Te Awamutu at 1.80 this morning destroyed Lewis' Hotel and eight other buildings. The total insurance is £4,895, divided as follows .-—New Zealand, £2,050; Colonial, £425; South British, £800. The fire broke out in the shop of a tailor narned Ford. The cause is unknown. Ford's stock is uninsured.
[Taranaki Herald, 19 March 1885, Page 2]

--------------------
THE TE AWAMUTU FIRE.
Auckland, March l9.
Nothing further is known as to the origin of the Te Awamutu fire. Several representatives of insurance companies went up to-day to investigate affairs.
[West Coast Times, 20 March 1885]

--------------------
TE AWAMUTU.
19 March 1885.
Wednesday. A large portion of the town was burned this morning. The fire commenced in the shop of M. FORD, tailor. Insurances, £4,375; estimated loss, £6,375.
[Bay Of Plenty Times, 19 March 1885]

--------------------
A SERIOUS FIRE.
(UNITED PRESS ASSOCIATION.)
Auckland, 19 March 1885.
Nothing further is known as to the origin of the Te Awamutu fire.  Several representatives of insurance companies left for Te Awamutu to-day to investigate matters. The following are the insurances : — Lewis's Hotel, South British office, £500, Victoria, £500; stock and furniture, New Zealand office, .£500 Three shops south of the hotel also belonged to Lewis. They were insured for £209 in the Colonial office and  £300 in the New Zealand office. Slope's shops, including stock and furniture, were insured for £300 in the New Zealand office; FORD's stock for £75 in the Colonial office. Bridgeman's store belonged to J. N. ROCHE, and the building with a backhouse, and Hunter's store was injured for £440 in the South British office. Bridgeman's stock was insured in the South British office for £800 and the New Zealand office for £350.  Hunter's saddlery stock was insured for £100 in the South British office. HOLMES, engineer, whose office was burned, had an insurance of £125 on his instruments, but it was saved. GIBSON's butchers' shop, the property of Walton, was insured for £50 in the South British. There was no insurance on the stock.  The fire was the largest that has taken place in the Waikato. Kihikihi, two and a-half miles away, was brightly Illuminated.
[Marlborough Express, 20 March 1885]
[© Star, 20 March 1885]

--------------------
Notices.
NEW ZEALAND INSURANCE COMPANY.
Capital, £1,000,000
FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Insurance against Loss by Fire of every description of property may be effected by this company.
Farming Stock.— Hay and Corn Stacks insured for three, six, or 12 months.
The following are appointed Agents of this company : —
Ngaruawahia...} 
Huntley... }  ...      J Thomas PATERSON
Whatawhata...}
Cambridge ...       James HALLY
Hamilton East ...  Dey & FRENCH
Te Awamutu ...    J. L. MANDENO
Alexandra ...        Ernest WICKHAM
Kihikihi ...           James FARRELL
[Waikato Times, Volume XXV, Issue 2068, 8 October 1885]

--------------------
AUCKLAND 9th Feb 1885
WAIKATO NEWS
The Auckland Volunteers are making arrangements for a proposed Easter Encampment at Papatoetoe, the Te Awamutu Cavalry and Gisborne Artillery to be invited.  An untenanted house, belonging to the Railway Department, and situated in the station grounds, Cambridge, was burned down yesterday morning. The cause of the fire is attributed to larrikinism. Uninsured. The engine sheds and goods sheds narrowly escaped.
[Wanganui Chronicle, 11 February 1885]

--------------------
AUCKLAND.
15 October 1885.
Rennie'a store at Te Awamutu was burnt down last night.  The cause of the fire was the accidental ignition of kerosene.
[Wanganui Herald, 15 October 1885, Page 2]

--------------------
NEW ZEALAND TELEGRAMS.
[PER PRESS ASSOCIATION]
FIRE AT TE AWAMUTU.
Auckland, October I5.
Rennie's store at Te Awamutu was burnt down last night.  The cause of the fire was the accidental ignition of some kerosene.
[Taranaki Herald, 15 October 1885, Page 2]

--------------------
A FIRE.
Rennie's store at Te Awamutu was burnt down last night. The cause was accidental, and was owing to the ignition of some kerosene.  The insurances on Rennie's stores, Te Aawamutu, are — building, £350 in the Royal; stock, New Zealand, 4£00; Colonial, £700; partly reinsured in the Standard and Equitable.
[Grey River Argus, 16 October 1885, Page 2]

--------------------
Notices (AFTER THE FIRE)
TE AWAMUTU HOTEL,
(Late Central Waikato Hotel).
07 November 1885.
THE Proprietor, Henry LEWIS, begs to thank the inhabitants of the Waikato and the travelling public for the kind patronage accorded him for the last fifteen years. He has much pleasure in informing them that he has rebuilt his hotel, and has spared neither trouble nor expense to make it second to none in Waikato. 
[Waikato Times, 7 November 1885

--------------------
1886
ALEXANDRA ARROWS.
February 1886
We are to have a detachment of A.C. (Armed Constabulary) men stationed here again, which is very much required on account of the defiance of the natives, re prospecting Kawhia road... lt is rumoured that the directors of the P.M.A. are making arrangements to send out a prospecting party after the arrival of the A.C: force...
Mr J.H. is about to' erect a new villa residence in place of the one that was lately consumed by fire...
[Observer, Volume 8, Issue 378, 27 February 1886]

--------------------
Notices.
THE SOUTH BRITISH FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW ZEALAND.
Capital... ~ ... £2,000,000.
Head Office : Queen-street, Auckland.
Insures Dwellings, Furniture, Stores, Stock, Wool from sheep's back to London, including fire risk. &c, &c, at lowest current rates. Prompt and liberal settlement of losses.
Agents in Waikato :—
Hamilton  ...  ...   J. R. E. HATRICK
Cambridge ... ...  John HOUGHTON
Te Awamutu... ... James WALTON
Kihikihi  ...    ...   J. W. ELLIS
Alexandra ... ...   A. SMITH
Raglan     ... ...   Wm. DUNCAN
R. MARIS CLARK, Manager.
NEW ZEALAND INSURANCE COMPANY.
___________________________
[Waikato Times, 12 June 1886]

--------------------
THE ELECTRIC STORM AT TARAWERA.
JUNE 1886.
To the Editor of the "Evening Mail."
Sir — As you asked me for a short account of Chelite eruption at Tarawera, as visible at Kihikihi, I have written you the following:—
On Thursday morning, June 10th I was at Kihikihi, a township in the Waikato, about 52 miles distant from Rotomahana, which lies East Southeast. of it. I was awakened by what sounded like an irregular discharge of artillery, and after listening some time I went outside to try to discover the cause, and watched for about two hours what, appeared to be a splendid electrical storm. A mountain of considerable size, called Maungatautere, lies about East by South, of Kihikihi, and south of this the country is comparatively low. From this mountain southward for about 20 degrees the horizon was lighted by a brilliant discharge of electricity in all manner of forms, which extended along an almost level line some ten degrees above the horizon. Along the whole upper part intermittent flashes of sheet lightning played, while at short intervals balls of fire shot up, sometimes perpendicularly and sometimes at a slight angle, but all described a small curve at the top and then descended, the light being lost just before the horizon was reached, and vivid flashes of forked lightning darted downwards. The whole space above described was literally and continuously alive with these appearances. No smoke or steam could be seen, but the atmosphere appeared murky, and from overhead to the spot where the electrical discharges were taking place clouds were in rapid uneven motion seeming to merge into one another simultaneously with the muffled reports which occurred at short intervals and apparently came from overhead. On all other sides the sky was clear and the ground was crisp with frost. In the morning a small volume of steam was visible in the centre of the space where the electrical discharges took place and continued till Saturday night, sometimes larger and sometimes smaller. On Sunday morning an immense column of steam rose to the height of several thousand feet, while a dark gauzy cloud lay like a pall, covering the place previously occupied by the vivid brightness of the lightning.  This continued all the day, and on Monday the column had sunk to its former proportions. — I am, &c, John Rochfort.
[Nelson Evening Mail, Volume XX, Issue 145, 19 June 1886]

--------------------
FIRE BRIGADE DEMONSTRATION.
Dunedin, 5 July 1886.
The United Fire Brigades have accepted the invitation of the Dunedin Brigade to hold the next demonstration of the Brigades in Dunedin, and the local Brigade has undertaken the task.
[Grey River Argus, 7 July 1886]

--------------------
FIRES.
On Sunday, August 29.
About two a.m., the house of Mrs McCABE, a settler near Te Awamutu, was burned down, with all its contents. The owner of the house and her children had a narrow escape from being burned to death, the fire having made considerable progress while all were sound asleep. Mrs McCABE was aroused by a sick child calling for a drink, und on getting up to procure it, she found the house to be in flames She and her children had barely time to escape in their nightclothes—a portion of the roof falling in before they were clear of the burning building; but, fortunately, no one was injured. The house was insured in the South British Office for £200.
[Auckland Star, 11 September 1886, Page 5]

--------------------
FIRE AT TE AWAMUTU.
[By Telegraph.]
Auckland, 31 August 1886
The house of Mrs McCABE, a settler near Te Awamutu, was burned down on Sunday with the contents. The family had a wonderfully narrow escape. Mrs McCABE was aroused at 2 a.m. by one of the children, and on opening the door to get some water, was met by a volume of smoke and flame. The family escaped in their night-dresses, a portion of the roof falling in before they had got out of the burning building. The insurances are £200 in the South British.
[Timaru Herald, 1 September 1886]

--------------------
FIRE
4 October 1886
The residence of Mr F. H. WHITTAKER, Claudelands, Hamilton, was destroyed by fire yesterday afternoon. The house, containing ten rooms, is insured for £350 in the Colonial, and the furniture, &c, for £350 in the same office. The furniture was mostly saved. The fire, was caused by a spark from the kitchen chimney.  The Te Awamutu Railway Station was entered by burglars on Saturday, and the till was robbed of ninepence; but an attempt to break into the safe was unsuccessful.
[Star, 4 October 1886]

--------------------
KIHIKIHI NEWS.
December 1886.
The thief (a native) who stole Mr BLACK's portmanteau, clothes and pocket-book from Anderson's Hotel, Kihikihi, has been arrested and sentenced by Major Jackson and Mr HUTCHINSON, J.P., to six months' hard labour. It appears that his whare caught fire and someone went to his assistance, who saw the portmanteau, which was cut open. A pocket-book, containing some photographs and papers, was also found. Information was given, and the native, an old man named Hone, was arrested and sentenced as stated. The cheque for £2.10s which was missing was presented for payment at the bank a few days ago, but payment had been stopped. It had passed through several hands, apparently at last reaching Mr Thos. WALKER, of Alexandra. Some deeds are still missing and the clothes. For the former a reward of £5 will be offered. The old man fought desperately to regain possession of the pocket book to which he appeared to attach great value, probably the photographs took his fancy.
[Waikato Times, 7 December 1886]

--------------------
1887
NEWS FLASHES
Three brothers named JOHNSTONE, Troopers in the Te Awamutu Cavalry, average 6ft 4in in height, and are built in proportion.
[Wanganui Herald, 14 April 1887]

--------------------
UNITED FIRE BRIGADES ASSOCIATION
THE NEXT FIRE BRIGADES DEMONSTRATION.
(PER UNITED PRESS ASSOCIATION.)
CHRISTCHURCH, October 5
An influential meeting of citizens was held this evening, under the presidency of the Mayor, to make preliminary arrangements for the United Fire Brigades demonstration next February. A strong committee was appointed under the Chairmanship of Mr W. P. HARRIS, formerly Superintendent of the Christchurch Fire brigade.
[Wanganui Chronicle, 6 October 1887]

--------------------
1888
THE UNITED FIRE BRIGADES DEMONSTRATION.
The following entries have been received for the demonstration : —
Ashburton Fire Brigade
Caversham Fire Brigade
Christchurch City Fire Brigade
Christchurch Railway Fire Brigade
Dunedin City Fire Brigade
Dunedin Railway Fire Brigade
Dunedin South Fire Brigade
Gisborne Fire Brigade
Gore Fire Brigade
Hastings Fire Brigade
Invercargill Southern Fire Brigade
Lyttelton Fire Brigade
Masterton Fire Brigade
Napier Fire Brigade
Naseby Fire Brigade
New Plymouth Fire Brigade
Port Chalmers Fire Brigade
Rangiora Fire Brigade
Roslyn Fire Brigade
Spit Fire Brigade
Temuka Fire Brigade
Timaru Fire Brigade
Wanganui Fire Brigade
Wellington Municipal Fire Brigade
For ambulance competition —
Addington Railway Workshops.
For fire escapes —
Mr Taylor, Ashburton.
[Star, 30 January 1888]

--------------------
UNITED FIRE BRIGADES ASSOCIATION
THE FIRE BRIGADE DEMONSTRATION.
THE PROGRAMME, CHRISTCHURCH 1888.
Church Parade and Torch-Light Procession.
The Fire Brigades' Church parade at the Cathedral to-morrow morning will be one of the largest gatherings of Firemen ever held in this city. The representatives of no fewer than thirty-six brigades, numbering nearly 250 men, will take part in it. They will muster at the Chester street station at 10 a.m., and will form a procession in the following order, headed by the Garrison Band:—
Dunedin Railway Brigade; Caversham Brigade; Southern Invercargill Brigade; Invercargill Municipal Brigade; Hastings Brigade; South Dunedin Brigade; Parnell Brigade; Queenstown Brigade;
New Plymouth Brigade; Palmerston North Brigade; Timaru Brigade; Gisborne Brigade; Roslyn Brigade; Kumara Brigade; Wellington Brigade; Greytown Brigade; Christchurch Railway Brigade; Blenheim Brigade; Spit Brigade; Marton Brigade; Napier Brigade; Masterton Brigade; Auckland Brigade; Port Chalmers Brigade; Rangiora Brigade; Thames Brigade; Temuka Brigade; Greymouth Brigade; Ashburton Brigade; Nelson Brigade; Lyttelton Brigade; Dunedin City Brigade; Kaiapoi Brigade; Wanganui Brigade; Naseby Brigade; Christchurch Brigade.

The Brigades are to be arranged in order of seniority, and also according to the colour of their uniforms. The junior brigade in blue has been placed first, followed by the junior one in scarlet, and so on, blue and red uniforms alternating.

In the torchlight procession on Monday night the Brigades will march in the same order. The Garrison, Stanmore, Addington Workshops, Sydenham, and Cadets Bands will take part, and the engines of the local brigades, with the hose-reels of the visitors, are to be included in the procession, though what positions they will occupy has not been settled. The engines are to be most elaborately adorned for the occasion. The steamer Deluge will bear a handsome device composed of floral arches. The Extinguisher will carry the figure of his Satanic Majesty. The principal feature of the decorations of the hand-engine will be a full-rigged ship, and the chemical will bear two ornamental arches. Coloured fires and "showers" will be burned from the engines. The comic element will be added by the presence of the celebrated Darktown Fire Brigade.

The following will be the route of the procession : — Starting from Chester street at 8.30, heading towards Victoria street bridge, thence as far as Junction Hotel; turn south down Montreal street to Cranmer Square, then west round Cranmen square to Armagh street, going east to Colombo street, through Cathedral square. High street and Manchester street to St Asaph street, turning east to High street returning by Manchester street to Oxford terrace.

The Conference of the United Brigades will be held in the rooms of the Chamber of Commerce on Monday, commencing at 10 a.m.   A meeting of the officials of the demonstration will be held at the Chester street station at 7 p.m. on Monday.

The social gathering of the members of the Brigades will take place at the Oddfellows' Hall, on Wednesday evening, instead of Friday, as originally fixed. The change has been made on account of several of the visitors having to leave Christchurch before Friday. It is satisfactory to note that the tickets for the art union — in connection with the demonstration— have been sold in large numbers, no fewer than 4000 having been already disposed of.
[Star, 18 February 1888]

--------------------
1889
Fire at Te Awamutu.
Auckland, April 24. A fire at Te Awamutu destroyed the shops of Messrs LYONS bootmaker, BROWN saddler, and OGLEl chemist, The insurances are not yet ascertained.
[© Nelson Evening Mail, 24 April 1889]

--------------------
FIRE AT TE AWAMUTU.
(BY TELEGRAPH. —OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
Auckland Star, 24 April 1889, Page 5
Te Awamutu, this day.
A fire last night destroyed three shops’ viz., those of LYONS, bootmaker; BROWN, saddler; and OGLE, chemist. The shops belong to Mr LYONS and wore insured in the South British, but the amount is unknown. Brown's stock is insured for £50 and OGLE's for £70, both in the Colonial Insurance Company
[Nelson Evening Mail, Volume XXIII, Issue 95, 24 April 1889]

--------------------
Fires.
Per Press Association.
AUCKLAND. April 24.
A fire at Te Awamutu destroyed the shop of LYONS (bootmaker), BROWN (saddler), and OGLE (chemist). The insurances have not yet been ascertained.
[Star, 24 April 1889]

--------------------
1894
AUCKLAND. April 16.
The general manager of the Loan And Mercantile Agency Company in Auckland states that all colonial creditors and shareholders having been consulted previous to the meeting held on the 20th February, no further meetings will be required. Today SEYMOUR Thorne George forwarded to Rent to To Awamutu the handsome monument which has boon prepared for him to the order of St George GREY. It is not intended that the stone shall be erected over Rewi's grave when his death occurs, but in to be erected in his memory at Kihikihi. The Maori inscription on the stone was drafted by Rewi and forwarded to Sir George GREY, and refers to the friendly relations existing between the two veterans.
[North Otago Times, 17 April 1894, Page 3]

--------------------
KIHIKIHI MONUMENT.
16 April 1894.
To-day, Mr Seymour Thorne GEORGE forwarded to Rewi to To Awamutu the handsome monument which has been prepared for him to the order of Sir GeorgeG REY. It is not intended that the stone shall be erected over Rewi's grave when his death occurs, but is to be erected in his memory at Kihikihi. The Maori inscription on the stone was drafted by Rewi and forwarded to Sir George GREY, and refers to the friendly relations existing between the two veterans.
[North Otago Times, 17 April 1894]

--------------------
INTERPROVINCIAL .
[Per Press Association.]
AUCKLAND, Today.
Captain Robert BRUCE, of the Te Awamutu Mounted Infantry, died from the results of a kick from a horse.
[Poverty Bay Herald, 10 July 1894]

--------------------
TE AWAMUTU TOWN HALL BURNED.
(by telegraph.—own correspondent). Te Awamutu, this day.
The Town Hall, Te Awamutu, was totally destroyed by fire at noon this day. It was insured in the South British for £325.
[Auckland Star, 2 November 1894, Page 8]

--------------------
Accidents and Fatalities.
Auckland, 31 December 1894.
Mr James BELL has been drowned in a creek near Te Awamutu while bathing.  By a yachting accident at Mataka, an old settler, Thomas BELL, was drowned. He leaves a wife and five children, His mate, JosiaARRISrris, swam ashore when the yacht capsized.
[Colonist, 31 December 1894]

--------------------
1895
Parsonage Destroyed by Fire.
Auckland, April 26
The parsonage of the Rev Mr BISPHAM was burned down at Te Awamutu.
It was insured by the Mission Trust Board for £230, and the contents for £350 in the South British.
[Colonist, 27 April 1895]

--------------------
A PAID FIRE BRIGADE.
[UNITED PRESS ASSOCIATION.]
Wellington, May 9.
Councillor MYERS has given notice to move at the City Council, "That the Council take into consideration the advisability of a scheme for the inauguration of a paid permanent fire brigade, the cost of the same to be borne in equal proportion by the Government, Corporation, and Insurance Companies.
[Marlborough Express, 9 May 1895]

--------------------
NEW ZEALAND.
September 1895
An old woman named White was drowned in a drain at Kihikihi, Auckland.
[Bruce Herald, 3 September 1895]

--------------------
FIRES.
A nine-roomed house, owned and occupied by Mr John FRY, senior, was totally destroyed by fire at Ngaroto, Te Awamutu, on Friday afternoon, November 8th. The building was insured for £150, and the furniture (which was also destroyed) for £50 in the South British Company.
[Auckland Star, 28 November 1895, Page 7]

--------------------
1897
TELEGRAMS
TERRIBLE BURNING FATALITY.
(PER PRESS ASSOCIATION.)
AUCKLAND, January 19, 1897.
A Maori girl named Arinai WAIHAU, aged 17, was burned to death at Kawhia. A spark from a camp fire settled on the girl's hikurere, about the shoulder. Waking up and feeling the fire she started to run towards the sea. Her clothing soon caught and the dry grass around her, and in a few seconds the light clothing she had on was all consumed. The unfortunate girl expired in great agony. In trying to get to the sea, through a barbed wire fence she was cruelly mangled.
[Hawera & Normanby Star, 20 January 1897]

--------------------
Sly Grog Selling King Country.
Auckland, November 15, 1897.
A batch of cases for alleged sly grog selling in this King Country come on for hearing this week at Te Awamutu. The cases have been obtained by Constables TANYON, HENDERSON, and SPRAGGINS.
[Colonist, 16 November 1897]

--------------------
1898
GREAT DESTRUCTION IN THE NORTH.  LARGE AREA OF COUNTRY DEVASTATED.
[BY TELEGRAPH — PRESS ASSOCIATION.]
Auckland. 8th February 1898.
Extensive bush fires are raging in the Waikato.
One near Whatawhata devastated a large area, of country, destroying Clark's Bridge in its course. On Thursday night a fire on WALTERS's property, at Hamilton, swept away extensive plantations. At Whatawhata the Hospital was in danger. The fire was checked by an open space.  Another fire near Whatawhata started close to the railway line, and spread to Ohaupo-road, and destroyed several buildings. Many of the fires have been traced to sparks from the railway engine. The bridge at Te Rapa was on fire, but it was noticed from the train and put out. The fire spread to the Ngaruawahia-road, Captain STEELE with difficulty saving his house.  Fires are raging at Te Aroha West on the farmers' holdings. The grass has been totally destroyed. Cows sank through the crust of the reclaimed swamp, under which the fire was smouldering, and their legs were burned.   There was another fire at Rotorangi Swamp. The telegraph poles were burnt, and communication between Cambridge and Te Awamutu cut off. The kauri bush at Hunua Was destroyed. It has been burning three weeks. There are bush fires on every side, and it is feared that the ranges have been divested of valuable timber.
[Evening Post, 9 February 1898]

--------------------
GREAT FIRE OF HAMILTON
Fifteen Business Places Destroyed
Damage £12.000.
Auckland, July 17.
A great fire at Hamilton originated at 10 o'clock last night in Scott's fancy goods shop. No one was on the premises. Fifteen business places were destroyed, namely: — Those of SCOTT, HORNE, HARKER (jeweller), GOING, DAVY, TAYLOR (tinsmith), SUTTON (livery stables), Mrs MUIR, Miss REDMAN, Young, COYLE (carpenter), McMAHON (bootmaker), Hamilton Hotel (late GWYNNE's, now Bright's), and Mclntyre (tobacconist). The Hamilton Times buildings were saved with difficulty. It is the most disastrous fire yet experienced in Hamilton. No appliances to suppress the fire were available, and the total estimated loss is £12,000.
[Colonist, 18 July 1898]

--------------------
TELEGRAPIC
AUGUST 1898.
Body found.
Hamilton, Tuesday.— The Police Sergeant here received notice irom Kihikihi yesterday that a man named John SKINNER has been missing from his home since Sunday. After a thorough search the body was discovered in the creek near Kihikihi this afternoon.
Fatal accident,
Wanganui, Tuesday. — A painfully distressing accident occurred on Monday by which a child, the daughter of Mr Cathro, Springvale, was burned to death. The child got near the fire by some means, her clothes ignited and as she ran outside the wind fanned the flames and the little girl was fearfully burned. Medical aid was immediately sought but the little sufferer succumbed to her injuries this morning.
[Bay Of Plenty Times, 10 August 1898]

--------------------
FIRE BRIGADES' COMPETITION.
Auckland, Saturday.
The United Fire Brigades' Demonstration competition was continued to-day in the Domain, about 400 people being' present. The following are the results Hose and Reel, for five men Tiniaru, Slsecs (no penalty), Ist Wanganui, 00 l-5 secs (no penalty), 2nd; Masterton Municipal, CO 2-5 secs (no penalty), 3rd. Ladder and Baby Rescue, for two men Ashburton, 20 2-5 sees, lst Waipawa 21 secs, 2nd Eastown Railway, 21 2-usecs, 3rd. Hose and Ladder Competition', for five men Auckland. 39 3-5 secs (including penalty 2 secs) Ist Timaru, 39 4-5 secs (including penalty 2 secs), 2nd Napier, 41 secs (no penalty), 3rd.

Just at the close of the competitions, some small boys who could not be kept off the ground by the police, began playing on the wire guy of a post supporting the discs, and the pile fell, fracturing the skull of Triston GRANGER, aged 10, who died in five minutes. I Captain KEYS, of the Mount Eden Fire Brigade, broke his collar bone through slipping on the grass.

To-day.
Fire Brigade Bicycle, Hose, and Hydrant Catterall and Symonds, Hastings, I min 45 2-5sec, I; Christchurch City, Hastings 2-5 sec, 2; Waipa No. 2, lm'iu 58 2-ssec, 3. Alarm' and Disabled Hose, five men Christchurch City, Jmin 4-ssec, 1 Ilawcra, Imin 4 3-sth sec, 2;- Ashburton, 1 min 4 4-5 sec, 3.

Hose, Hydrant, and Ladder, five men Wanganui J, New Plymouth 2, Timaru 3. Time 44 1-fifth sec. New Plymouth and Timaru tied for second place, and in the run off" also tied finally New Plymouth was successful in the smart time of 43 sec. The winning team are KITCHEN, SIMS, HAILINGHAM, COPELAND, and TOWNSEND. The Timaru Brigade wins the shield presented by the Brigades' Association for hydrant events. The Association shield for manual events was won by Ashburton. Timaru secured Messrs SHAND, MASON and Co.'s shield for the highest points in all the competitions.
[Poverty Bay Herald, 28 February 1898, Page 3]

--------------------
1899
FIRE AT KIHIKIHI
By telegraph, own correspondent
25 January 1899
Kihikihi this day:- Early on Monday morning the residence of Mr FLOYD was totally destroyed by fire.  Nothing was saved.  There was a smal insurance in the New Zealand office.  The origin of the fire is a mystery.  The Star Hotel alongside, narrowly escaped destruction.
[Auckland Star, Volume XXX, Issue 20, 25 January 1899, Page 4]

--------------------
ANOTHER FIRE AT AUCKLAND
Auckland, 15 March 1899,
Mary Corboy's store and dwelling at Kihikihi, was destroyed by fire last night.  The building and effects was insured in the New Zealand office for £700.
[Colonist, 16 March 1899]

--------------------
A LITTLE GIRL BURNED TO DEATH.
Per United Press Association
AUCKLAND, 20 June 1899.
A little girl, aged 7, daughter of a settler and Postmaster near Pirongia, died from her clothes catching fire near the cooking place at Kuaotunu.
[Wanganui Herald, Volume XXXIII, Issue 9774, 21 June 1899, Page 3]
[Colonist, Volume XLII, Issue 9511, 21 June 1899, Page 4]
[Auckland Star, Volume XXX, Issue 144, 20 June 1899, Page 5]
[Taranaki Herald, Volume XLVIII, Issue 11553, 21 June 1899, Page 3]

--------------------
1902
UNITED FIRE BRIGADES ASSOCIATION
Wanganui Fire Brigade.
Wanganui, 18 February 1902.
A meeting of citizens was held to-night to consider the means of providing the Fire Brigade with more up-to-date appliances. It was resolved that the Borough Council be asked to provide £1650 for additions to the present plant. The Brigade intend to procure a fire engine and a motor ladder carriage. It was decided to invite the United Fire Brigades Association to hold the nest demonstration in Wanganui. This will include an exhibition up-to-date Fire Brigade appliances, which are being sent out by different manufacturers at Home.
[Colonist, Volume XLV, Issue 10337, 19 February 1902]

--------------------
UNITED FIRE BRIGADES ASSOCIATION
THE WANGANUI FIRE BRIGADE.
WANGANUI, February 18.
A meeting of citizens was held to-night to consider the means of providing the Fire Brigade with more up-to-date appliances. It was resolved that the Borough Council be asked to provide £1650 for additions to the present plant. The Brigade intend to procure a fire engine and a motor ladder carriage. It was decided to invite the United Fire Brigades Association to hold the next demonstration in Wanganui. This will include an exhibition of up-to-date Fire Brigade appliances which are being sent out by different manufacturers at Home.
[Nelson Evening Mail, 19 February 1902]

--------------------
ACCIDENTS AND FATALITIES
A curious fatality is reported from Te Awamutu.  A six-year-old boy named MEREWEATHER, who had been left by himself in a room, was a little later discovered by his father sitting on the stove, which, was alight at the time. Despite Mr. MEREWEATHER's prompt action in removing the little fellow to the Waikato Hospital, the boy died there last Tuesday from the burns he had sustained.
[Evening Post, 5 May 1902, Page 5]

--------------------
1903
NEW ZEALAND
Per United Press Association
AUCKLAND, 22 Aug 1903
Inspector Cullen sent men in disguise to the King Country for the purpose of detecting offenders against the liquor law, and 17 informations will be heard at Te Awamutu next week.
[Southland Times, 24 August 1903]

--------------------
YESTERDAY'S AND LAST NIGHTS CABLES.
Per United Press Association
Hamilton, Yesterday:- At Te Awamutu, three men, named Charles TRIERS, William THOMPSON, and William FALLAS, were convicted on several charges of sly grog selling, and sentenced to one month's imprisonment on each charge.
[Nelson Evening Mail, 5 October 1903]

--------------------
1904
UNITED FIRE BRIGADES ASSOCIATION, THE GEELONG FIRE BRIGADE COMPETITIONS
Visiting Team from New Zealand.
Dunedin, Feb 21st. A fire brigade team representing the United Fire Brigades' Association left to-day to take part in the competitions at Geelong. A large number of firemen went to the port to see them off by the "Moeraki."
[West Coast Times, 22 February 1904]

--------------------
THE AUCKLAND BURGLARY.
Auckland, 18 April 1904.
At the Police Court to-day Thomas O'CONNOR and George McCANN were charged with the Imperial Hotel robbery. The Police offered no evidence against O'CONNOR, and he was discharged. McCANN pleaded guilty, and was committed for trial. Evidence showed that at Te Awamutu he lost £10 playing three games of crib, and he was playing "two up" the following day, and seemed flush. He was arrested on the Te Awamutu Racecourse, and confessed to the robbery, saying that he got in by the fire escape. The Magistrate, Mr KETTLE, congratulated the police on their smart capture.
[Colonist, 19 April 1904]

--------------------
1905
WAIKATO FIRES.
Fire Brigade Station Burnt.
(Per United Press Association.)
HAMILTON, March 30.
An old building in the centre of the town, formerly an auction mart, since used as a store, and latterly as a temporary fire brigade station, was burned down this morning. The brigade rescued their appliances. The loss is estimated at £600.
[Wanganui Herald, 30 March 1905]

--------------------
COURTS AND OFFENCES.
(Per United Press Association.)
AUCKLAND, 28 December 1905.
John Decourcey BRADY, on being discharged from Mount Eden Gaol yesterday, where he had served a sentence for theft, was re-arrested immediately on a charge of attempted arson.  He appeared this morning in the Police Court charged with having attempted to set fire to the sample rooms of the Te Awamutu Hotel on November 27th.
Brady was remanded in custody for eight days.
[Wanganui Herald, 29 December 1905]

--------------------
1906
BOY FOUND DEAD
31 January 1906
A lad, 12 years of age, named Harry BOSANKO, was found dead at Te Awamutu on Monday with a bullet wound through his temple.  He had been missing since Friday and it is supposed that he then commited suiside .  The body was very much decomposed

--------------------
DREADFUL FATALITY AT TE AWAMUTU.
Four Children Burned to Death.
(Per United Press Association.)
AUCKLAND, September 28.
A cottage belonging to the New Zealand Dairy Association, situated at Te Awamutu, was destroyed by fire last night. It was occupied by Henry Hector HUTT, creamery manager, a married man with a family. Four children were burned to death, and the others had a  narrow escape.Later, the fire at Te Awamutu occurred about 10.15 last night.  The victims were four children of Mr H. H. HUTT — Charles (aged 13), Hector (6), Ethel (5), and William (2 years). The family had retired early.  About an hour later the eldest daughter gave an alarm of fire, which by this time had a strong hold of the old wooden building.  Mr HUTT and his wife escaped with the baby, and the four children followed.  By this time a number of people had arrived on the scene, and every effort was made to rescue the remaining four children, but the flames and smoke being so strong all attempts to reach them proved useless.  About midnight the charred remains of the four children were discovered. There were nine children in the family. All the boys were lost.  Nothing was saved from the cottage.
[Wanganui Herald, 28 September 1906]

--------------------
FOUR CHILDREN PERISH IN HOUSE INFERNO.
Four children have burned to death despite the heroic efforts of rescuers.  Three little boys and one girl,
whose ages ranged from two to 13, lost their lives under most heartrending circumstances, as the
result of a fire which occurred in Te Awamutu between 10 and 11 o’clock last night.  The victims were
the children of Mr and Mrs Henry Hector HUTT, the local manager for the New Zealand Dairy
Association, their names being Charles Lewis Harold (13), Hector Mafeking (6), Edith Ethel (5) and
Albert William Wyatt (2).  It appears the family retired to bed early in the evening, and the eldest
daughter was awakened by the fire. She immediately gave the alarm to her parents, who occupied a
room at the top end of the dwelling, and had with them a baby.  The dwelling was an old one, and by
this time the fire had a very strong hold and the smoke was dense in all the rooms. Mr HUTT and his
wife, with the baby in her arms, escaped in safety. The husband made an effort to rescue the sick boy,
Willie, but was driven back by the flames and smoke.  By this time the neighbours began to arrive and heroic efforts were made by Mr ATKINS (who was severely burned), Mr Taylor WOOD, and Captain BERRY to rescue the children, but owing to the dense volumes of smoke and flames all hopes of saving them had to be abandoned, and the unfortunate children became victims of the flames.  There were no cries from any of them, and it may be supposed that they were suffocated during the early stages of the fire.  The family consisted of nine children and all the boys lost their lives. The loss of life may be accounted for from the fact that the dwelling was very old, and burned like matchwood. Its peculiar construction also made escape difficult.  At midnight the charred remains were discovered. All the bodies were lying upon wire-woven mattresses, as if the victims had never moved from their beds.  Nothing was saved, and the inmates escaped in their night attire. The furniture and effects were insured for £100 and the piano for £50.  An inquest was opened this afternoon, before Mr J. B TEASDALE, Coroner, and was adjourned until next Wednesday.
[New Zealand Herald 29 September 1906]

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1907
UFBA ANNUAL CONFERENCE 1907.
The conference of the United Fire Brigades' Association was continued this morning in the' Alexandra HALL, Captain F. BELLRINGER presiding. Several questions on various points were asked.
[Star, 19 March 1907]

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NEWS ITEMS FOR 1907
The Teasdale Estate, near Te Awamutu, will be opened for selection on August 26. and the ballot will take place at Te Awamutu on the 28th.
[Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XXXIV, Issue 10988, 3 June 1907]

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1908
FIRES IN THE KAWHIA DISTRICT. 
HEAVY LOSSES.
[BY TELEGRAPH. PRESS ASSOCIATION.]
AUCKLAND, This Day. 1908
Mr. MacKENZIE, Crown Lands Commissioner, has just completed a tour in the Kawhia district. He states that some thousands of acres were swept by fire. Te Raumoa and the Oparau Valley suffered most, the latter being practically burned out. Many settlers must sacrifice their stock on a falling market. Dairy farmers suffered severely; there are many cases of individual suffering and loss. Mr. MacKENZIE was surprised at the splendid courage of the settlers in facing their misfortunes.
[Evening Post, 6 March 1908]

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CABLE NEWS.
[PER PRESS ASSOCIATION.]
Dunedin, June 18, 1908.
THE PREMIER ON TOUR.
Kawhia, June 18. The Prime Minister arrived at Te Awamutu this morning by the early train from Te Kuiti. After Sir Joseph WARD had received several deputations regarding local wants he left by coach for Kawhia, which he was timed to reach at 5 o'clock, but did not arrive till nearly 11, owing to bad roads and the low tide. The launch on the journey from Opharau to Kawhia was delayed by the low tide, consequently all his Kawhia arrangements were upset, and after a hurried supper and a brief address to the crowd who had waited so long, Sir Joseph left by steamer at midnight and will reach Wellington tomorrow night.
[Feilding Star, 19 June 1908]

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FIRE AT KAWHIA.
AUCKLAND, June 23, 1908.
Inspector CULLEN received a telegram today from Constable McCARTHY, of Kawhia, stating that word had been received there that Leproa's boardinghouse of six rooms at Terauamoa had been destroyed by fire this morning.
[Hawera & Normanby Star, 24 June 1908]

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A FARMHOUSE DESTROYED BY FIRE.
AUCKLAND, July 8.
A fire at Te Awamutu yesterday destroyed a dwelling-house belonging to Mr SIGNAL, a farmer. The house was insured for £300 with the State office.
[Hawera & Normanby Star, 9 July 1908]
[Nelson Evening Mail, Volume XLII, 9 July 1908]

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CHARGE OF ATTEMPTED MURDER.
A CONSTABLE ATTACKED.
[by telegraph — press association.]
AUCKLAND, This Day, 11 November 1908.
In the Supreme Court Wm. R. McLEAN, alias MURPHY, alias LOFT, was charged with attempted murder and using obscene language. The Crown Prosecutor stated that prisoner was travelling between To Awamutu and Taumarunui, a prohibited district, with whiskey in his possession. He was detained by Constable MAHER, whom he assaulted, trying to tear his flesh, dislocate his jaw, gouge his eyes out and drown him. Accused kicked MAHER and belaboured him with a heavy piece of timber. Constable Maher gave evidence in support of counsel's opening.
[Evening Post, 11 November 1908]

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1909
UNITED FIRE BRIGADES ASSOCIATION.
FIRE BRIGADE ESSAYS.
NAPIER, 2 March 1909.
At the last annual meeting of the United Fire Brigades Association, held at Masterton early in 1908, executive decided to offer prizes to members of the Association for essays on the.following three subjects: "Fire Fighting, Ancient and Modern," "How Best to Improve the Fire Service of the Dominion," and "Should Insurance Companies Contribute to the Upkeep of Fire Brigades?"
Papers were sent in from all parts of the Dominion. The judges have made the following awards : First subject: A. P. GODBER (Petone Fire Brigade), J. G GILBERD (Napier Fire Brigade), A. E EAGLETON (Napier Fire Police) ;
Second subject, J. G GILBERD (Napier Fire Brigade), Lieut ASHLEY (Invercargill Fire Brigade), Captain BAKER (Eden Terrace Fire Brigade) ;
Third subject: J. G GILBERD (Napier Fire Brigade).
[Hawera & Normanby Star, 3 March 1909]

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UNITED FIRE BRIGADES ASSOCIATION.
FIRE BRIGADE COMPETITIONS BEGAN TO-DAY.
[BY TELEGRAPH— PRESS ASSOCIATION.]
AUCKLAND, This Day.
The United Fire Brigade competitions began to-day in the Domain.
Results: — Manual engine, dry, one man. — Hawera (T. ROGERS), 35sec, 1; Napier (L. ASHWORTH), 36sec, 2; Geraldine (J. ALLEN), 37scc, 3; Timaru (P. CAMPBELL), 38sec, 4.
[Evening Post, Volume LXXVII, Issue 58, 10 March 1909]

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1910
IN THE NORTH.
PROGRESS AND PROSPERITY.
The Hon. W. W. McCARDLE, M.L.C., returned to Wellington yesterday from Kawhia, where he had been on a visit in company with the Hon. Dr. FINDLAY, Dr. FITCHETT (Public Trustee), and Captain WILSON, a retired Indian officer, who proposes to settle in that district.

At Kawhia the party was met by a number of prominent settlers, and the Minister spent some time receiving deputations, chiefly on the subject of opening up native lands and the lack of loads. Dr. FINDLAY promised to bring the complaints before the Ministers concerned.

At a dinner in the evening, the Hon. Dr. FINDLAY, replying to the toast of "The Parliament of New Zealand," made reference to the native land question, saying that he hoped under the new Act to see a great deal of progress made in the district. He was, he added, surprised at finding such a beautiful harbour, and that such vast tracts of fertile land were lying idle. During the course of the trip the party had a run down the harbour, and, says Mr. McCARDLE, the Minister stated that the scenery was some of the finest he had ever seen. He also anticipated a great future for the district. Mr. McCARDLE also informed a Post reporter that a few weeks ago he went over a considerable area of the country in the vicinity of the proposed prison reform farm.  The site is about ten miles from Te Awamutu and six miles from Kihikihi. There is, he states, a great tract of splendid agricultural and pastoral land, nearly all of it covered with fern. The reform farm consists of 1200 acres, all of it well adapted for agricultural and dairy purposes, and it is about six miles from the Main Trunk railway. From there for about forty miles to the south the land is generally of first-class quality, all ready for settlement, but lying idle, though remarkably well adapted for small settlers. In fact, he said, there is room for thousands of them. On the Main Trunk line, from the commencement of the King Country, said Mr. McCARDLE, to the westward as far as Te Kuiti, there is scarcely a settler; it is almost an unknown country, but splendidly adapted for pastoral and agricultural purposes. As to the poor country in that locality that had been so much talked about, he saw some magnificent crops of turnips and oats, and he considered that it was well adapted for settlement in farms of about 500 acres. The townships on the Main Trunk line are, he added, growing apace. Ohakune is going ahead by bounds, Taumarunui is becoming quite a large town, while Te Kuiti is growing into a large distributing centre.
[Evening Post, 17 February 1910]

--------------------
1911
ALLEGED ATTEMPTED MURDER
MAN ARRESTED.
[BY TELEGRAPH — PRESS ASSOCIATION.]
HAMILTON, This Day.
George Washington Long was yesterday arrested, sixteen miles from Kihikihi on a charge of attempted murder by shooting at Thomas BOND with a shot gun. Although the charge is alleged to have been fired from a distance of two yards, BOND was not seriously hurt beyond a few pellets in the face.  Later, further details of the alleged attempted murder case show that accused is a farmer at Wharepuhanga, and that BOND is a neighbour.  LONG was before the Te Awamutu Court this morning, and remanded to the 10th inst. BOND is not out of danger, but is progressing favourably.
[Evening Post, 3 February 1911]

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AN UNUSUAL CASE
(By Telegraph — Per Press Association)
HAMILTON, Feb 28, 1911.
The Supreme Court sitting opened this morning. In the case where G.W. LONG was charged with the attempted murder of Thomas BOND, at Te Awamutu, interest was added to the case by BOND disappearing suddenly. In charging the Grand Jury His Honour did not think they should add the stigma to LONG by making him stand his triial for attempted murder, as there did not appear to be a prima facie case, but they could bring a charge of presenting firearms.
[Grey River Argus , 1 March 1911]

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TELEGRAMS.
FIRE AT TE AWAMUTU.
13-ROOMED DWELLING DESTROYED
(Per United Press Association
AUCKLAND, February 6.
Ai fire at Te Awamutu at 2 o'clock this morning destroyed a 13-roomed residence occupied 'by Dr. HENDERSON. Very little of the furniture was saved. The damage is estimated at £1500. The insurances include £300 on the furniture and £750 on the building.
[Thames Star, 6 February 1911, Page 2]
[Evening Post, 6 February 1911]
[Hawera & Norman Star, 6 February 1911, Page 7]

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ACCIDENTS & DEATHS.
Per Press Association. AUCKLAND, August 10.
A very serious accident occurred at Te Awamutu yesterday. Mr W. J. RANBY, a farmer of Ohaupo, was driving in a light cart between Te Awamutu and Kawa, -when the horse became unmanageable, kicked the  front board away, and struck RANBY on the face. Both eyeballs were smashed.. The bridge of his nose was completely broken and his face much bruised. It was found necessary to remove the right eye, and the injuries to the left are so serious that, it is feared that it will also have to be removed. In any case, the injured man will be totally blind.
[Ashburton Guardian, 11 August 1911, Page 4]

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UNITED FIRE BRIGADES ASSOCIATION
The United Fire Brigade Association's Conference for next year is to take place at Rotorua.
[Poverty Bay Herald, 22 August 1911]

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1912
Mention appears in the Waipa Post in December 1912, bemoaning the fact that Te Awamutu village does not have a Volunteer Fire Brigade.

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FIRES
(Press Assn.— By Telegraph.— Copyright.)
13 January 1912
AUCKLAND, last night.
The constable at Te Awamutu has reported to headquarters that the Harapepe public school was destroyed by fire yesterday. He is proceeding to the Scene to make inquiries.
[Poverty Bay Herald, 13 January 1912, Page 5]